There are many definitions of information literacy just as there are many definitions of literacy. For some people, information literacy means being able to cope and adapt to technology. In its broadest sense, information literacy refers to the ability to access and use a variety of information sources to solve an information need. The American Library Association's definition of information literacy is the one that is used most often today, partially because it was widely publicized and distributed.
To be information literate, a person must be able to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information . . . . . Ultimately, information literate people are those who have learned how to learn. They know how to learn because they know how knowledge is organized, how to find information, and how to use information in such a way that others can learn from them. They are people prepared for lifelong learning, because they can always find the information needed for any task or decision at hand. (ALA, 1989)
Source: Hayden, Alix K. Information Literacy. EDCI 701 - The University of Calgary